Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz

Chief Executive Officer

Ricardo MELÉNDEZ-ORTIZ is co-founder of ICTSD and has been its Chief Executive since 1996. Previously, he co-founded and was General Director of Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano (Quito). He has represented Colombia as a negotiator in several multilateral fora, including as permanent delegate of Colombia in Geneva and as a negotiator in GATT’s Uruguay Round, the Rio’92 UN Conference process, UNCTAD VIII, the Climate Change Convention, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the Montreal Protocol. He acted as spokesperson for the G77 in several fora and served as chair of the UN Standing Committees on Commodities and on Trade Preferences. Earlier, he had served as Principal Adviser to the Colombian Minister of Economic Development and as Chief of Administration of the Office of the President of Colombia. Since 1997, Mr. Meléndez-Ortiz has been the publisher of BRIDGES and its sister publications, and has edited, authored and published a wide range of books, articles and opinion pieces in English, French and Spanish on economic governance, trade, sustainable development and conflict management. He has served or currently sits on advisory committees and the boards of a number of global policy initiatives, including as Member of the Board of Intellectual Property Watch (Geneva); the Operating Board of AccountAbility (London); the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Trade and WEF’s Working Group on Trade and Climate Change; The Pardee Center Task Force on Governance for a Green Economy (U of Boston); The Center for Global Development’s Global Trade Preference Working Group (Washington, DC); The Evian’s Group Brains Trust (IMD); the Global Governance Network of Globus et Locus (Milano); the Steering Committees of DfID’s Global Trade and Finance Architecture Initiative and of UN DESA’s Sustainable Development Knowledge Partnership (New York), a Patron of the Earth Focus Foundation (Geneva); in the recent past he served as Chair of the Global Action Network’s Council (Cambridge, MA); and member of the U.N. Secretary General Millennium Project Task Force on Trade; the WTO’s Director General NGO Advisory Group; and the MOFCOM/IISD China Sustainable Development and Global Markets Task Force. Mr. Meléndez-Ortiz, a graduate of Harvard University, has recently co-authored Envisioning a Sustainable Development Agenda for Trade and Environment (Palgrave Macmillan, 2007) with A. Najam and M. Halle, and co-edited Rebuilding Global Trade: Proposals for A Fairer, More Sustainable Future(Global Economic Governance Programme at Oxford U. and ICTSD, 2009) with C. Deere; Agricultural Subsidies In The WTO Green Box: Ensuring Coherence With Sustainable Development Goals (Cambridge University Press, 2009) with C. Bellmann and J. Hepburn; Intellectual Property and Sustainable Development, Agendas in a Changing World(Edward Elgar Publishing, 2009) with P. Roffe; and, WTO Dispute Settlement: The Developing CountryExperience (Cambridge U. Press, forthcoming November 2010) with G. Shaffer. He holds Colombian and Belgian nationalities and is a resident of Switzerland where he lives with his wife and two daughters.

Opinion

22 April 2016
Earlier this month, I had the privilege of acting as a discussant at the Geneva launch of IFPRI’s 2016 Global Food Policy Report . The focus of this year’s report is on food systems in the context of the international community’s new commitments on sustainable development and climate change. IFPRI’...
18 June 2012
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - Group dynamics and a shared and thorough understanding of life support systems is what ensures survival of species. As E.O.Wilson succinctly puts in his recent book The Social Conquest of the Earth , in the history of our planet, “colonies of cheaters lose to colonies of...
10 December 2011
DURBAN, SOUTH AFRICA - According to Robert O. Keohane and David G. Victor, "the ‘climate change problem' is actually many distinct problems-each with its own attributes, administrative challenges and distinctive political constituencies." This truism, exhaustively scrutinised by academics in search...
11 December 2010
CANCUN, MEXICO -In the wee hours of Saturday morning, a result was trumpeted in the great hall of the Moon (the official venue of UNFCCC COP16 talks in Cancún, Mexico), as crowds congratulated President Calderon, themselves, and one another. The outcome surpassed widely held low expectations, which...

Research

Bridges news

12 June 2017
古谚是这么说的,“在海里还有更多的鱼”。 到2010年为止,长达十年的国际海洋生物普查已经记录了近17,000种鱼类,估计另有5000多种未被发现。 这包括从巨大的鲸鲨到著名的小丑鱼,还有鲭鱼和底栖鳗鱼。 这些都是生态系统的一部分,这个生态系统是海洋中约23万个其他海洋物种的栖息地,涵盖了近四分之三的地球表面。 过度捕捞 然而,国际海洋生物普查警告称,过度捕捞和栖息地破坏是海洋生物多样性的主要威胁。 据联合国粮食及农业组织估计,根据预测,超过31%的商业鱼类种群将被过度捕捞,自1974年以来的记录开始以来,这一数字已经翻了三倍。 这些数字对于海洋中一些最有价值的鱼来说更糟,没有可预见的放松...
9 June 2017
Благоприятные правила и целенаправленные договоренности в области торговли и инвестиций могут в значительной степени помочь обеспечить переход к экономике с низким уровнем выбросов и расширить использование возобновляемых источников энергии. В этой статье рассматриваются основные варианты политики...
2 June 2017
德国在2017年全球经济与政策合作前景不明朗的大环境下,担任二十国集团(G20)主席。在G20设立轮值主席制度十年后,二十国集团经济体仍在与引发2007年经济衰退的因素斗争,由于各国国内和国际治理失位造成的损失仍然有待恢复。 当前全球经济的特点是美国这一世界最大市场的经济活力复苏,而绝大多数发达国家增长仍旧迟缓,同时中国经济增长放缓,而且由于所谓的商品超级循环逐渐弱化,其他新兴市场的增长动力迅速消失。2016年是金融危机以来贸易和产出增长速度最慢的一年,全球贸易增长率为1.7%,而且在过去几年中一直低于产出增长率。 与此同时,气温连续三年突破历史新高,北极和其他冰川表层冰层大面积融化,...
20 November 2015
Tendo em vista a aprovação da Agenda de Desenvolvimento pós-2015 e as negociações para o novo regime climático, quais foram as mudanças ocorridas na governança econômica global nas últimas duas décadas? O que aprendemos nesse período? Este artigo analisa as transformações observadas em matéria de comércio, investimento e desenvolvimento sustentável desde meados dos anos 1990.
29 October 2015
Los Gobiernos alrededor del mundo acaban de adoptar una nuevo Programa global de desarrollo para los próximos 15 años, que comprende 17 objetivos de desarrollo sostenible (ODS), en la última cumbre organizada en la sede de las Naciones Unidas en Nueva York. Presentada como un esfuerzo de...
4 October 2015
With the adoption of “The 2030 agenda for sustainable development” and negotiations on a new climate regime, what’s changed for governance of the global economy in the last two decades, and what have we learned? This article maps the shifting context for trade, investment, and sustainable...
29 September 2015
À l’heure de l’adoption du nouveau programme global de développement et des négociations sur un nouveau régime climatique, quelle a été l’évolution de la gouvernance de l’économie mondiale au cours des vingt dernières années, et qu’avons-nous appris ? Les gouvernements du monde entier viennent d’...
18 September 2015
With the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda on the horizon and negotiations on a new climate regime, what’s changed for global economic governance in the last two decades, and what have we learned? This article maps the shifting context for trade, investment, and sustainable development...
18 June 2012
Group dynamics and a shared and thorough understanding of life support systems is what ensures survival of species. As E.O.Wilson succinctly puts in his recent book The Social Conquest of the Earth , in the history of our planet, "colonies of cheaters lose to colonies of cooperators." Two decades...
18 June 2012
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - Group dynamics and a shared and thorough understanding of life support systems is what ensures survival of species. As E.O.Wilson succinctly puts in his recent book The Social Conquest of the Earth , in the history of our planet, “colonies of cheaters lose to colonies of...
10 December 2011
DURBAN, SOUTH AFRICA - According to Robert O. Keohane and David G. Victor, "the ‘climate change problem' is actually many distinct problems-each with its own attributes, administrative challenges and distinctive political constituencies." This truism, exhaustively scrutinised by academics in search...
15 April 2011
Este artigo sobre governança do comércio internacional para a economia verde é o primeiro de uma série de artigos que explorarão temas relacionados ao comércio na trajetória rumo à conferência Rio+20, a ser realizada em 2012. Nesse contexto, Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz, chefe-executivo do International...
6 April 2011
This essay on governance of international trade for the Green Economy is the first in a series of articles exploring trade-related issues in the lead-up to the Rio+20 conference in 2012. In this context, Ricardo Melendez-Ortiz, Chief Executive of ICTSD, reflects on the means, as well as the limits...
11 December 2010
CANCUN, MEXICO -In the wee hours of Saturday morning, a result was trumpeted in the great hall of the Moon (the official venue of UNFCCC COP16 talks in Cancún, Mexico), as crowds congratulated President Calderon, themselves, and one another. The outcome surpassed widely held low expectations, which...
26 August 2009
As decisões tomadas pelo G-20, e em geral pela comunidade internacional, serão avaliadas em última instância por sua eficácia em resolver as deficiências estruturais de longo prazo em nossos padrões de crescimento. O mundo afronta um duplo perigo: em relação à economia mundial, o desmoronamento da...

Books

Shaffer, Gregory and Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz (eds). (Cambrige University Press 2010).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo, Christophe Bellmann and Jonathan Hepburn (eds). (Cambridge University Press 2009).

Najam, Adil, Mark Halle and Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz. (Palgrave Macmillan 2007).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo and Vicente Sanchez (eds). (Routledge 2005).

Bellmann, Christophe; Dutfield, Graham and Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo (eds). (Routledge 2003).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo and Christophe Bellmann (eds). (Editions Charles Léopold Mayer 2002).

Chapters in books, articles, working papers and contributions

Meléndez-Ortiz Ricardo, Ahmed Abdel-Latif. In: The ACTA and the Plurilateral Enforcement Agenda, Genesis and Aftermath, Ed. Pedro Roffe and Xavier Seuba, (Cambridge University Press, 2014)

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo, WFO Webpage, 2013.

Primo Braga Carlos A. and Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz , IMD Webpage, October 2013

Meléndez-Ortiz Ricardo, In: International Trade Forum Magazine, the quarterly magazine of the International Trade Centre, 1 July 2013.

Meléndez-Ortiz Ricardo, In: Making it, issue 12, 4 January 2013, pp. 25-26.

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: Beyond Rio+20: Governance for a Green Economy, ed. Henrik Selin and Adil Najam, pp. 33-42 (The Frederick S. Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer-Range Future, Boston University 2011).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo and Trineesh Biswas. In: Europe’s World, 2011.

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo and Trineesh Biswas. In: Making Global Trade Governance Work for Development Perspectives and Priorities from Developing Countries, ed. Carolyn Deere Birkbeck, pp. 100-134 (Cambridge University Press 2011).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: Peace and Prosperity through World Trade. Achieving the 2019 Vision, ed. Fabrice Lehmann and Jean-Pierre Lehmann, 185-190 (Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo, Trineesh Biswas and Ingrid Jegou. In: Integration and Trade, no. 30, vol 14, January-June 2010, pp. 21-32.

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: Achieving the Millennium Development Goals through New Development Partnership: Building Up Sustainable Growth and Country Ownership, UNCTAD, pp.72-78 (Report based on the High-Level Workshop on Status and Trends for Asian, Caribbean and Pacific Least Developed Countries 2008).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo, GE Citizenship webpage, 2008.

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: New Thinking on Trade Policy and Development. The Relationship between Multilateral Negotiations and Regional or Bilateral Negotiations, Socialist Group in the European Parliament, pp.12-14, 2007.

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: D+C, issue 8-9, 2006.

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: Sustainable Development in World Trade Law, ed. Gehring, Markus and Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger, (Kluwer Law International, 2005).

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: European Trade and Global Biodiversity, Volume 9, pp. 1-2, 2005.

Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo. In: Policy Matters. Trade, Environment and Investment: Cancun and Beyond, IUCN Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy, issue 11, September 2003, pp. 22-27.

Meléndez-Ortiz Ricardo, Bernice Wing Yee Lee, and Adil Najam. A think piece produced as background reading for the third panel of the Dialogue on Governance, Globalisation and Development. 2003.

Collective reports