CONTRIBUTION OF TRADE FACILITATION MEASURES TO THE OPERATION OF SUPPLY CHAINS. By Evdokia Moïsé and Silvia Sorescu for the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2015). This new report reviews the way that border procedures can affect supply chains, along with the related policy implications. The authors use data from both OECD and OECD-WTO databases in their analysis. The policy paper is available in full via the following link.
THE MAKING OF THE TRIPS AGREEMENT: PERSONAL INSIGHTS FROM THE URUGUAY ROUND NEGOTIATIONS. Published by the World Trade Organization (2015). This new book reviews the various personal accounts from the negotiators of the WTO’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). Contributors discuss the way that the final text incorporated a range of policy approaches and trade interests, noting the importance of a clear negotiating agenda, as well as the roles of the Chair, the secretariat, and negotiators. The book is available for download here.
PREVENTING GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS IN RENEWABLE ENERGY: THE USE OF NON-PREFERENTIAL RULES OF ORIGIN AS AN INDIRECT TRADE POLICY INSTRUMENT IN THE EU. Published by the National Board of Trade, Sweden (September 2015). This paper argues that the EU in recent years has tended to use its non-preferential rules of origin as an indirect trade policy instrument. When the complex reality has made it difficult to establish the non-preferential origin of products – due to global production and value chains – the authors suggest that the EU list rules for the establishment of non-preferential origin have been amended or disregarded in order to facilitate the imposition of trade remedies, with the affected products including renewable energy products – for instance, solar panels from China and bioethanol from the US. The authors argue that this is not in line with the WTO Agreement on Rules of Origin, and thus provide proposals for how the EU customs legislation might be amended in this context. The paper is available to download here.
AFRICA AND THE WTO: THE PERILS OF WEAKENING THE DEVELOPMENT AGENDA. By Biraj Patnaik and Timothy A. Wise (October 2015). This article, published on the AllAfrica website, reviews the prospects for the WTO’s upcoming ministerial conference in Nairobi, Kenya, and makes a series of arguments over which approach African countries should take ahead of the meeting. The column highlights specifically the development mandate of the trade negotiations in this regard. The article may be downloaded here.