The European Commission announced on 30 September that it had submitted a proposal to the European Parliament and the Council to amend the Market Access Regulation 1528 that provides Duty Free Quota Free to countries negotiating an EPA. The EC proposal would withdraw DFQF market access to those countries that are not deemed to have taken steps towards ratifying or implementing their interim EPA. See our special update on page 2.
Aid for Trade (AfT) was put front and centre of the trade and development community's agenda this summer with the Third Global Review of AfT taking place in Geneva in July. As the dust settles, TNI chose to highlight some of the findings and insights that emerged from the event.
This month's TNI features an exclusive interview with Pascal Lamy. He gives us his opinion and valuable insights on the AfT agenda and the Global review. We also ask him what the Doha impasse, the changing balance of power, the economic slowdown, and the proliferation of PTAs mean for the future of the multilateral trading system.
TNI also features an interview with Dr. Ibrahim Assane Mayaki, CEO of the NEPAD Agency. He explains what is being done - and how it is being done - in the context of the NEPAD and CAADP to promote regional integration, regional trade and agriculture.
Deborah Barker from the WTO sets the stage for this issue, looking back at this year's Global Review's achievements, and outlines what lies ahead.
Frank Lammersen paints then the picture emerging out of the over 260 case stories submitted for the "Aid for Trade at a Glance" publication, released during the Third Global Review.
Our third article comes from Richard Newfarmer of the International Growth Centre and Olivier Cadot from the University of Lausanne. It reminds us that the diversity of forms that AfT takes calls for evaluating its impact through multiple lenses, a "prism of approaches".
In a provocative article, Sheila Page from ODI argues that some type of AfT assistance poses serious problems of conflict of interests, and invites donor countries to work on their own policies in order to make them more friendly to developing country exports. She also notes some gaps in areas of AfT support.
Rishabh Kumar Dhir from ICTSD presents the early findings of AfT country evaluations from Malawi and Mauritius.
Continuing on the theme of measuring success and evaluating AfT, Claire Delpeuch, Patrick Messerlin and their colleagues deplore the lack of focus on the causality of projects in AfT evaluations. They suggest that every evaluation set clear ex-ante and ex-post quantifiable objectives to strengthen the measurement of AfT impact.
Taking the case of Malawi, Jonathan Said, Senior Economist at Imani Development, makes a call for the private sector and development community to integrate each other's "thinking" in order to make AfT work.
Finally, Simon Itaye looks at the success stories in AfT and draws lessons for successful intervention, focusing on private sector participation.
As always, TNI's editorial team welcomes your feedback and ideas for contributions. Feel free to contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org or . To subscribe electronically to TNI, please go to http://ictsd.org/news/tni/.