Dan Ciuriak is a Canadian economist with wide-ranging interests in trade and economic development, with a particular interest in the interface between law and economics.
Following a 31-year career with Canada’s Department of Finance and Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (from which he retired as Deputy Chief Economist), he has been active in private practice as Director and Principal, Ciuriak Consulting Inc. (Ottawa) and as Associate with BKP Development Research & Consulting GmbH (Munich).
He was recently appointed Fellow in Residence with the C.D. Howe Institute (Toronto) and also participates in the expert panel reviewing industrial policy and the WTO in preparation for the WTO’s 20th anniversary in 2015 in the E-15 initiative sponsored by the International Centre for Sustainable Development and the World Economic Forum.
In his public service career, he had a central role in the technical development of Canada’s major financial institutions reforms of the 1980s and early 1990s as Chief of the Financial Institutions Section at the Department of Finance, in which capacity he chaired the inter-departmental working group that developed drafting instructions for the legal reforms, and held the pen on the policy papers that laid the basis for them.
With Canada’s trade department, he participated in a number of WTO and NAFTA trade disputes, developing the economic arguments in major disputes such as the Article 22.6 arbitrations in Brazil – Aircraft, Canada – Export Credits, and the United States – Continued Dumping and Subsidies Offset Act. In the latter dispute, he served as lead economist for the co-complainants (which included, inter alia, Brazil, Canada, the European Communities, India, Japan, Korea and Mexico), and developed the partial equilibrium model adopted by the Panel to evaluate the nullification and impairment caused by the condemned US measure.
A related interest is in quantifying the impacts of trade agreements. In the latter regard, he served as lead economist for Canada in Joint Studies with Japan and the European Union and co-authored numerous quantitative assessments of prospective trade agreements and more recently of agreements “as negotiated”, including of the Canada-Korea free trade agreement and a project in progress on the Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Partnership, commissioned by the European Commission. These recent studies introduce new methods to translate negotiated text into quantifiable trade impacts based on exact coding of the agreed texts against established indices of trade and investment protection.
He has participated in and led trade-and-development missions in a number of developing countries, including Ethiopia, Mozambique and the Caribbean Community, and is co-author (with Derk Bienen) of a forthcoming African Development Bank study on manufacturing in East Africa. He has published widely; edited or co-edited numerous trade-related publications, including the Trade Policy Research series (2001-2007 & 2010 editions) published by Canada’s Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade and a Guide to International Antidumping Practice (Kluwer Law International, 2013); and served as external referee for publications by the CD Howe Institute, The World Economy, The International Trade Journal, The American Journal of Chinese Studies, The University of British Columbia Law Review, and The African Review of Economics and Finance. Recent contributions include E-15 posts advocating new approaches to facilitate technology acquisition and accelerated private sector development in developing countries (“Transplanting Economic Development: Don’t Pick Winners, Buy Losers!”) and liberalized rules of origin to promote small business utilization of free trade agreements (“Promoting Small Business Utilisation of Market Access under the Mega-Regionals”, an extended version of which, co-authored with Hanne Melin and Derk Bienen, has recently appeared in Pontes.