Publications and resources

18 October 2016

Trade, Food Security, and the 2030 Agenda – ICTSD – October 2016

The new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development sets a ground-breaking new commitment for all countries: to end hunger and “all forms of malnutrition” by 2030, including undernourishment, micronutrient deficiencies, and overnutrition. This paper examines how policies affecting trade and markets are relevant to those new commitments on hunger and malnutrition, looks at past progress and projected trends, and examines options for government action in the years ahead.

Trade and Water: How Might Trade Policy Contribute to Sustainable Water Management? – ICTSD – October 2016

This paper identifies some of the key intersections between trade policy and water management, in areas such as agriculture, hydropower generation, water services and wastewater management. While the local nature of water systems and the diversity of water management objectives is not conducive to the application of trade instruments to enforce a prescriptive, one-size-fits-all, approach to water management, the paper identifies a range of areas in which trade policy could support the sustainable management of water.

Estimating the Impact of Trade Specialization and Trade Policy on Poverty in Developing Countries – UNCTAD – October 2016

This paper investigates the impact of trade specialization and trade policy on poverty. The empirical findings show that manufacturing exports contribute to poverty reduction in developing countries in general while agriculture exports have a more significant impact in low income countries. The results also show that the impact of tariffs is ambiguous for all countries. The investigation confirms that trade specialization reduces poverty but only if the right complementary policies and institutions are in place.

Priority Trade Policy Actions to Achieve the 2030 Agenda and Transform African Livelihoods – ICTSD – September 2016

This think piece, one of a series that analyse the contribution trade and trade policy could make in implementing the 2030 Agenda, explains that the poverty challenge is particularly steep for Africa. The continent’s commodity-led growth over the last few years has not, by and large, generated widespread economic opportunities. Against this backdrop, this paper focuses on how trade-related policy, including regional economic integration, could contribute to transforming livelihoods across the continent.

Inclusive and Sustainable Growth: The SDG Value Chains Nexus – ICTSD – September 2016

This paper represents the inaugural component of a new research and publication series on GVCs conducted by ICTSD. It offers a framework to generate policy-relevant data intended to support the maximum achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in value-chain-led economic growth. The paper outlines the key dynamics driving GVCs and discusses the processes involved in enhancing the distribution of gains. It also explores the linkages between value chains dynamics and these SDGs.

Trade Policies and Sustainable Development in the Context of Global Value Chains – ICTSD – September 2016

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a major feature of the 21st century economy. This paper argues that the expansion and increased sophistication of GVCs has created a new “trade-investment-services-technology nexus.” This paper surveys the types of trade and trade-related policies that are the most relevant to support the development of country participation and upgrading in GVCs. It also explores the implications these policies may have for GVCs to contribute to sustainable development.

Services and Sustainable Development: A Conceptual Approach – ICTSD – September 2016

This paper, the first in a series of services and SDG-related publications, aims to provide the basis for further work in this area and support positive service sector policy change in the world’s poorest countries. It offers a conceptual framework which identifies the primary channels through which services effect the SDGs, as well as a set of criteria designed to guide policymakers in prioritising competitiveness-enhancing policy change in particular service sectors.

The Gender Dimensions of Services – ICTSD – September 2016

This paper provides an in-depth analysis of the gender-based constraints faced by women in accessing employment and business opportunities in trade in services, and the wider service sector. Additionally, the paper offers a set of policies that support equal access to the benefits of services growth for both genders, and create an inclusive policy and regulatory environment that reduces the gender-based constraints faced by women wage-workers and entrepreneurs in the services sector.

The Gender Dimensions of Global Value Chains – ICTSD – September 2016

Taking gender issues into account and addressing them is critical to harness the potential for GVCs to contribute to both sustainable economic and social goals. This paper seeks to integrate gender into the global value chain framework, to assess the gender dimensions of integration and economic and social upgrading in GVCs, and to offer GVC-related policy recommendations that support economic and social development.

The 2030 Agenda and the Potential Contribution of Trade to Gender Equality – ICTSD – Septembre 2016

This think piece reviews the many inequalities in women and men’s participation in economic life and makes the important argument that improving women’s economic opportunities is a significant challenge for both developed and developing countries. It articulates specific policy challenges facing governments that want to use international trade to support women’s empowerment as employees, entrepreneur and cross-border traders, and outlines trade policy options that could help to meet these challenges.

Food Safety Standards in International Trade: The Case of the EU and the COMESA – Routeledge (O. Osiemo) – September 2016

This book discusses the impact of EU food safety standards on food imports from poor African countries in the COMESA. It critically examines both EU and COMESA food safety standards in light of the WTO SPS Agreement and the jurisprudence of the WTO panels and Appellate Body. The book makes ground breaking proposals on how the standards’ divide between the EU and the COMESA can be bridged.   

The Trade and Development Report 2016: Structural transformation for inclusive and sustained growth – UNCTAD – September 2016

This year’s Trade and Development report reviews recent trends in the global economy and focuses on the policies needed to foster structural transformation. It observes that while economic slowdown in the advanced economies is the biggest drag on global growth, developing countries are now caught in the downdraft. Against this background, it identifies some of the critical issues to be addressed in order to set in place structural transformation processes:  

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