Publications and Resources

10 July 2017

Beyond Brexit: Four Steps to Make Britain a Global Leader on Trade for Development – Center for Global Development – January 2017

This paper looks at how the UK can, after Brexit, develop a world-leading trade for development policy. It uses a systematic assessment of how rich country trade policies affect developing countries to identify the leading approaches used elsewhere. It then identifies and describes four key steps: i) eliminating or lowering tariffs; ii) improving preferential access for the very poorest countries; iii) cutting red tape at the border; and iv) enhancing the effectiveness of its aid for trade.

Aid for Trade and the Sustainable Development Agenda: Strengthening Synergies – OECD – December 2016

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with the Sustainable Development Goals at its core calls to “(…) increase aid-for-trade support for developing countries, in particular least developed countries.” This call echoes a similar appeal in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda. This paper discusses how aid for trade can contribute to these goals and argues that the Aid for Trade Initiative already takes an integrated and multi-dimensional approach to promoting trade, economic growth, and poverty reduction.

Trade Facilitation and Global Value Chains: Opportunities for Sustainable Development – ICTSD – Novembre 2016

There is considerable interest in the development community as to the complex relationship between GVCs and sustainable development outcomes in low-income countries. This paper analyses that relationship from the specific perspective of trade facilitation. If policies are appropriately designed and implemented, there is much that trade facilitation can do to increase GVC involvement, which in turn can have positive implications for sustainable development prospects.

Aid for trade: Building Productive and Trade Capacities in LDCs – UN Committee for Development Policy – October 2016

This paper looks into the origins of Aid for Trade (AfT) and its objective of assisting developing countries to increase exports of goods and services and integrate into the multilateral trading system. Pointing out that AfT is not a new development fund nor a new aid category, the paper looks into the flows and impact of official development assistance resources allocated to AfT. It argues that most aid for trade is allocated to middle income countries and that a shift in this allocation pattern is needed to give more attention to LDCs.

Reducing Trade Costs in LDCs: The Role of Aid for Trade – WTO – July 2016

This study analyses the role of aid for trade in reducing trade costs in least developed countries (LDCs), which are particularly high compared to other countries and constitute a major impediment to their participation in international trade. The analysis builds on questionnaires and case stories submitted as part of the aid-for-trade monitoring and evaluation exercise for the Fifth Global Review of Aid for Trade, as well as diagnostic trade integration studies and existing econometric work.

Aid for Trade and the Trade Facilitation Agreement: What They Can Do for LDCs – FERDI – 2016

The Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA), which entered into force last February, provides an opportunity to narrow the scope of aid for trade activities and to heed the call for “Managing for Development Results” (MfDR). This paper provides an evidence–based discussion of the potential of aid for trade in terms of trade cost reduction, distinguishing between Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Landlocked LDCS (LLDCs). It also includes new estimates of time in transit for international parcel data.

The WTO’s Aid for Trade Initiative at 10: An Overview – TRALAC – December 2015

Trade costs have a major influence on the patterns of global trade and can limit the extent to which countries are able to exploit their comparative advantages and market access opportunities for economic gain. The aim of this paper is to provide some background regarding the Aid-for-Trade Initiative as well as to give an overview of its achievements, the challenges encountered in its implementation, and the opportunities that it provides for developing countries wishing to improve their capacity to trade through reduction of trade costs.

Aid for Trade 10 Years On: What’s Next? – ICTSD and WEF – Octobre 2015

This paper assesses the achievements and challenges of the World Trade Organization- (WTO) led Aid for Trade Initiative. After listing the achievements, the paper asks what the emphasis of the Initiative should be; how to expand the partnership, enhance the effectiveness and, most importantly, how to retain donor interest for building trade capacities in developing countries. Next it considers whether different aid modalities might improve results.

Promoting Greater Regulatory Coherence and Cooperation through Aid for Trade: What could be done? What role for the private sector and the WTO? – ICTSD and WEF – September 2015

Trade and development paradigms have shifted in recent years, one of the reasons being the emergence of global value chains (GVCs) as the main feature of global business strategies. However, this shift in the paradigms has not been followed by parallel shifts in trade policy and Aid for Trade (AfT) practice. To remedy this situation, this paper suggests a shift in focus of AfT from trade to “trade and competitiveness” and a shift in the methods of AfT delivery to increase the role of the private sector.

Reducing Trade Costs to Support Africa's Transformation: The Role of Aid for Trade – ECA and WTO – July 2015

This report presents the major trends in aid-for-trade flows to the African region, tracking progress in the implementation and impacts of the Aid for Trade Initiative. It also outlines some findings drawn from the African responses to the OECD/WTO monitoring exercise underpinning the Fifth Global Review of Aid for Trade, whose aim was to survey how trade costs affect developing countries' competitiveness and what aid for trade can do to deliver inclusive, sustainable growth.

Reflections on Aid for Trade's Contribution to Sustainable Development – ICTSD – May 2015

In 2015, Bridges Africa released a special issue dedicated to aid for trade ahead of the Fifth Global Review of Aid for Trade. The articles it contains cover topics such as knowledge gaps in regional aid for trade strategies, China’s aid for trade strategy, the role of aid for trade in supporting Africa’s structural transformation, as well as aid for trade effectiveness.

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