Publications and Resources

14 March 2018

Promoting Capability Enhancing Development – ICTSD – March 2018

The WTO's Eleventh Ministerial Conference did not deliver on special and differential treatment (S&DT). Partly, this is because the debate on S&DT and policy space rests on different views on the optimal nature and scope of trade policies, and on the role of governments in promoting structural transformation. The discussions presented in this policy brief bring to light the need to acknowledge the rising call from a number of lower income developing countries to consider ways in which multilateral trade rules can best support the design of trade and trade-related policies enabling of economic transformation.

Updating the Multilateral Rule Book on E-Commerce – ICTSD – March 2018

This policy brief seeks to provide a birds-eye perspective on current and future developments in e-commerce rules at the WTO. The Joint Statement on Electronic Commerce issued at the WTO’s Eleventh Ministerial Conference, which aims to “initiate exploratory work toward future WTO negotiations on trade-related aspects of electronic commerce,” marks an important moment. This brief presents the most salient issues around the organisation of discussions on e-commerce in the WTO and options relevant for the development of frameworks for international and multilateral rule-making in this area.

Advancing Multilateral Trade Negotiations on Fisheries Subsidies – ICTSD – March 2018

At the WTO’s Eleventh Ministerial Conference, ministers adopted a Decision on Fisheries Subsidies directing negotiators to continue talks with a view to adopting an agreement by the next ministerial conference. The ministerial decision also re-commits members to implementing their existing notification obligations to strengthen transparency of the fisheries subsidies. This policy brief aims to summarise the main issues in the negotiations and to clarify the decisions facing members as they construct a comprehensive and effective agreement on fisheries subsidies.

Value Chain Upgrading for Competitiveness and Sustainability: A Comparative Study of Tea Value Chains in Kenya, Sri Lanka and Nepal – ICTSD – February 2018

Developing countries have long exported agricultural commodities in the hope of bringing the benefits of globalisation to the rural poor. Yet many agricultural sectors remain stuck in low-value exports with few development dividends. This paper conducts a comparative analysis of the export tea value chains in Sri Lanka, Kenya, and Nepal with a focus on how policy influences chain upgrading and the implications this has for trade patterns, competitiveness, and sustainable development.

Opportunities for Sustainable Development in Global Value Chains: A Case Study of the Myanmar Garment Sector – ICTSD – February 2018

Myanmar is benefitting from an investment boom in the garment sector. This has resulted in fast-growing exports to global markets, job creation for up to 300,000 workers and initiatives to improve competitiveness and social upgrading in the industry. This paper analyses the dynamics of Myanmar’s participation in the apparel global value chain and proposes policy recommendations to support economic upgrading, and social and environmental sustainability for the industry.  

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2 March 2018
A group of West African leaders, ministers, and public officials gathered last week for the Fifth Meeting of the Presidential Task Force on the ECOWAS Single Currency Programme, reaffirming their...
14 March 2018
Beyond its effect on incomes, trade can also have significant developmental impacts through its influence on the price, quantity, and quality of goods available within markets. How can African...