THE ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF OUTDOOR AIR POLLUTION. Published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (June 2016). This new report breaks down the potential implications of air pollution, estimating the possible premature deaths, lowered agricultural production, and overall losses to global GDP by the year 2060. The publication looks both at past trends and future projections, including where such effects are likely to be concentrated. The report is available here.
TBT AND TRADE FACILITATION AGREEMENTS: LEVERAGING LINKAGES TO REDUCE TRADE COSTS. By Serra Ayral for the World Trade Organization (2016). This working paper examines the interlinkages between two WTO agreements – specifically, the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Agreement and the Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA). While the former is in effect, the latter has yet to enter into force. The paper is written to increase awareness on how these agreements work, so that policymakers and customs officials alike can use them to lower procedural and other costs. The paper is available here.
ENHANCING EXPORT OPPORTUNITIES FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES. By Caroline Freund, Gary Clyde Hufbauer, and Euijin Jung for the Peterson Institute for International Economics (June 2016). This policy brief examines the export opportunities, along with potential challenges, for smaller and medium-sized businesses that come from the elaboration of new trade agreements. The authors find that lower trade barriers can help boost exports from these enterprises, as well as larger organisations, among other results. To download the policy brief, click here.
US ELECTION NOTE: ECONOMIC POLICY AFTER 2016. By Christopher Smart for Chatham House (June 2016). This research paper undertakes an analysis of possible directions that US economic policy could take depending on the November 2016 presidential election results. Topics addressed include potential implications on trade and fiscal reform, among various others. The paper is available for download here.