INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS (IIA) ISSUES NOTE: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN THE INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT REGIME. Published by the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (May 2018). This issues note discusses a number of recent developments in international investment policymaking, including what the authors term a recent “turning point,” where the pace of new IIAs is surpassed by effective treaty terminations. The note also addresses most countries’ efforts to generate sustainable development-oriented IIAs in line with UNCTAD’s Reform Package for the International Investment Regime. It also discusses the modernisation of old-generation treaties and other trends. To download the report, visit the UNCTAD website.
G7 FOSSIL FUEL SUBSIDY SCORECARD: TRACKING THE PHASE-OUT OF FISCAL SUPPORT AND PUBLIC FINANCE FOR OIL, GAS AND COAL. By Shelagh Whitley, Han Chen, Alex Doukas, Ipek Gençsü, Ivetta Gerasimchuk, Yanick Touchette, and Leah Worrall (June 2018). The G7 scorecards on fossil fuel subsidies were developed by authors from four non-governmental organizations: the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), and Oil Change International (OCI). The accompanying policy brief notes that the G7 countries have provided at least US$100 billion annually in fossil fuel subsidies in recent years. It ranks each country in seven indicator categories and provides overall scores. The report also offers a number of recommendations including increased transparency and reporting, along with tracking progress better. To access the scorecards and policy brief, visit the ODI website.
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA REPORT 2018: MIGRATION AND STRUCTURAL TRANSFORMATION IN AFRICA. Published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (May 2018). This year’s Economic Development in Africa Report focuses on the relevance of intra-African migration to regional and continental economic integration. It aims to offer new insights for African governments along with migration stakeholders elsewhere, elaborating on the relationship between migration and economic and trade policies. Focusing on patterns of intra-African migration, the report adopts a human-centred narrative in identifying opportunities for surplus labour in different sectors across the continent. The paper is available for download here.
EU CLIMATE DIPLOMACY: POLITICS, LAW, AND NEGOTIATIONS. Various authors, edited by Stephen Minas and Vassilis Ntousas (2018). This book brings together experts in the field of climate diplomacy to assess the EU’s work as part of the global response to climate change. The authors’ contributions are organised into three sections that cover different domestic and international facets of the EU’s climate action efforts. To purchase or rent the book, visit the publisher’s website.
TRUMP TARIFFS PRIMARILY HIT MULTINATIONAL SUPPLY CHAINS, HARM US TECHNOLOGY COMPETITIVENESS. By Mary E. Lovely and Yang Liang for the Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) (May 2018). In this new analysis on the impacts of the US’ Section 301 tariffs, the authors examine sectors targeted by proposed tariffs, characteristics of US imports, and exports by foreign and joint venture enterprises. Based on their investigation, the authors conclude that the US’ tariff strategy may be more harmful to US companies than to China. To download the brief, visit the PIIE website.
POLICY COHERENCE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 2018: TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE AND RESILIENT SOCIETIES. Published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (May 2018). The 2018 edition of OECD’s Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development addresses how integrated and coherent policies, along with strong institutions, can contribute to the “transformation towards sustainable and resilient societies,” the UN High-Level Political Forum (HLPF) theme. The report identifies challenges and opportunities that governments face in implementing the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It also recommends eight building blocks for enhancing policy coherence for sustainable development (SDG target 17.14); identifies emerging institutional best practices; and describes options for tracking national progress on policy coherence for sustainable development. To download the report, visit the OECD website.