Latin America has enjoyed almost a decade of continual and more inclusive growth. Now the region has arrived at a crossroads, both in the face of global developments and regional transformations. 

On the one hand, growth rates are stalling, aggravated by external macroeconomic pressures, falling commodity prices and a low savings rate in various countries. This may put social gains at risk and result in political discontent. On the other hand, the region is entering a new phase of international trade and witnessing historic political milestones that will have regional and global impact. With a bold leadership and partnership agenda, these transformations can be actively and strategically shaped. Driven by economic diversification and innovation, built on stable and trusted public institutions and policies, Latin America can build on its strengths and resources.

The World Economic Forum on Latin America convened leaders from numerous sectors, thought leaders, and youth to discuss challenges and opportunities facing Latin America.

In a session entitled "Making COP21 Work,"  Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz joined fellow panelists Carlos Represas (Swiss Reinsurance Company Ltd), Leo Schlesinger (Aliat Universidades), Luis Gilberto Murillo (Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development of Colombia), and Ana Giros (SUEZ). The panel addressed how stakeholders in Latin America's future can decarbonize the economy, strengthen resilience and adaptation, and protect biodiversity and forests.

A video of the session may be seen here. More information about the World Economic Forum on Latin America may be found here.

 

 
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Place: 
Medellin, Colombia
Event type: 
We participate
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Americas
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English
Date period: 
Thursday, 16 June 2016 - 2:30pm

El Proyecto sobre el Desarrollo de Capacidades Legales

El Diálogo de Latinoamérica sobre la Gestión de Remedios Comerciales es una de las actividades organizadas por el Proyecto tripartita sobre el Desarrollo de Capacidades Legales del Centro Internacional para el Comercio y el Desarrollo Sostenible (ICTSD), la Organización Mundial del Comercio (OMC) y el Centro de Asesoría Legal en Asuntos de la OMC (ACWL). El proyecto de tres años ha sido financiado por el gobierno de Finlandia.

Este Diálogo próximo a celebrarse del 2 al 4 de noviembre de 2015 en Santo Domingo, organizado en conjunto con el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (IDB) como socio regional y con el gobierno de la República Dominicana como socio local, pretende tratar la necesidad de fortalecer la capacidad de desarrollar a los Miembros regionales que hayan elegido utilizar medidas antidumping y compensatorias para aplicarlas de forma consistentes con la OMC. 

Unión de fortalezas

La sociedad tripartita, que se beneficia de las fuerzas particulares de cada una de las tres instituciones, ha sido financiada por el gobierno finlandés e incluirá una serie de talleres regionales y sectoriales que tendrán la intención de identificar y desarrollar las mejores prácticas de los países en desarrollo dentro de áreas altamente especializadas, como la solución de controversias de la OMC. Al atender el problema de la clasificación jurídica, el programa tripartita afronta el importante tema de la capacidad de los países en desarrollo para administrar sus intereses comerciales y, en última instancia, sus derechos de desarrollo e inquietudes.

Hasta ahora, las tres instituciones han organizado ocho actividades en conjunto. La primera tuvo lugar en Ginebra, en mayo de 2012, fue una iniciativa global y, por lo tanto, llevó el título de Diálogo Sur-Sur sobre la Gestión de Litigios Comerciales. A este le siguieron tres actividades regionales entre 2012 y 2015: el Diálogo Regional en India sobre la Gestión de Controversias Comerciales, celebrado en Nueva Delhi; el Diálogo Regional Latinoamericano sobre la Gestión de Controversias Comerciales, celebrado en Brasilia; y el Diálogo Africano sobre la Gestión de Preocupaciones Comerciales, celebrado en Ginebra. También se han organizado cuatro talleres sectoriales desde 2013: manejo de controversias comerciales y ambientales, celebrado en Beijing a finales de 2013; manejo de controversias ambientales, celebrado en Ginebra en los primeros meses de 2014; gestión de preocupaciones comerciales MSF, celebrado también en Ginebra, pero a finales de 2014; y el de gestión de preocupaciones comerciales OTC, en Ginebra, en marzo de 2015.

El enfoque tripartita que eligieron las instituciones es vital para asegurar el éxito de la iniciativa. Cada una de las tres instituciones posee su propia experiencia en el área de litigación comercial, capacidad legal nacional y leyes de la OMC. La combinación de experiencias es un paso esencial para asegurar que la asistencia técnica, sobre todo en las áreas críticas de comercio tomen un enfoque holístico y eficiente en recursos.

En este contexto, la OMC aportaría una visión institucional y de procedimientos, y el ACWL, su experiencia única para litigar, que se vería complementada con la base conocimientos específica del ICTSD sobre las realidades nacionales y no gubernamentales. 

 

 

The Legal Capacity Building Project
The Latin America Dialogue on Managing Trade Remedies is one of the events under the tripartite legal capacity building project of the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the Advisory Centre on WTO Law (ACWL).  This three-year project is funded through a grant by the Government of Finland.
 

This Dialogue, on 2-4 November 2015 in Santo Domingo, held in cooperation with the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) as a regional partner and with the Government of the Dominican Republic as a local partner, is intended to address the need to strengthen the capacity of developing Members in the region that have chosen to use anti-dumping and countervailing measures to do so in a WTO-consistent manner.

Combining Strengths

The tripartite partnership, which benefits from the unique strengths of the three institutions, is financed through a grant by Finland, and includes a series of regional and sectorial workshops that are aimed at identifying and developing best-practices of developing countries in WTO dispute settlement and other highly specialized areas. By addressing the issue of legal capacity, the tripartite programme touches upon a critical matter, i.e., the ability of developing countries to manage their trading interests and, ultimately, their development rights and concerns.

So far, the three institutions have jointly organized eight activities. The first one took place in Geneva in May 2012; it was a global initiative and was thus entitled South-South Dialogue on Managing Trade Litigation. This was followed by three regional events between 2012 and 2015 - India Regional Dialogue on Managing Trade Disputes, held in New Delhi; Latin America Regional Dialogue on Managing Trade Disputes, held in Brasilia; and Africa Dialogue on Managing Trade Concerns, held in Geneva. Four sectorial workshops have also been organized since 2013 - workshop on trade remedies, which was held in Beijing in late 2013; handling trade and environment disputes, which was held in Geneva in early 2014; managing SPS trade concerns, which was held in Geneva in late 2014; and managing TBT trade concerns, which was held in Geneva in March 2015.

The tripartite approach chosen by the institutions is critical for ensuring the success of the initiative. All three institutions have strong and unique expertise in the area of WTO law, trade litigation and domestic legal capacity. Combining the different expertise is thus an essential step in ensuring that technical assistance, especially in critical areas in trade, takes a holistic and resource efficient approach.

In this context, the WTO provides institutional and procedural perspectives, the ACWL offers its unmatched expertise in litigation, and ICTSD contributes its unique knowledge base on domestic and non-governmental realities.

 

 

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Place: 
Santo Domingo, República Dominicana
Event type: 
Our events
Theme: 
TRADE LAW
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Americas
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Trade Remedies
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English
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WTO...

Date period: 
Monday, 2 November 2015 - 9:30am to Wednesday, 4 November 2015 - 6:00pm

Pursuing a shift towards clean energy is crucial in order to fulfil multiple sustainable development objectives, including scaling up energy access, enhancing energy security, generating green jobs, and responding to climate change. Shifting to clean energy is a win-win that we cannot afford to miss, especially in light of growing energy demand.

While the technical solutions exist and a range of policies have lowered costs for clean energy technologies, making them increasingly accessible, obstacles remain with regard to innovation, production, scale-up and deployment. High tariffs, especially in developing countries, or even the cumulative effect of low tariffs restrict the free flow of clean energy technologies. In addition, policies such as standards, subsidies, local content requirements (LCRs), government procurement or investment rules can create barriers to trade. Services necessary to deliver clean energy goods also face significant barriers.

As a result, there is a strong case for trade reform in this area in order to strengthen clean energy markets. Through gains from trade, including economies of scale and specialization, costs would be reduced and the technologies - and sustainable development benefits - would be extended and enhanced.

Trade reform can be undertaken in many ways - multilaterally, plurilaterally, regionally or unilaterally. While the WTO is facing difficulties in making progress since the launch of the Doha round negotiations, promising plurilateral and regional options are emerging.

For example, a negotiation for an Environmental Goods Agreement (EGA) aimed at liberalising trade in environmental goods, including clean energy goods, is currently underway by a group of 17 WTO members. The EGA holds significant potential to address climate change, energy access, energy security and green growth. To foster and further build upon this potential, it would be desirable that the EGA covers relevant clean energy technologies, more countries join the initiative, services for the supply of clean energy goods are covered by trade reform, and non-tariff barriers are addressed.

In addition, regional trade agreements increasingly address clean energy and climate change, for example through provisions prohibiting LCRs or trade remedies. This represents an interesting opportunity for the LAC region where several regional trade agreements exist or are being negotiated.

Against this background, ICTSD, the Chilean Ministry of Energy and ECLAC hosted a dialogue with government representatives from the LAC region as well as stakeholders from industry, think tanks and academia. The event explored the potential benefits for the LAC region from joining the EGA as well as from other options, such as addressing clean energy in regional trade agreements. 

 

 

 

Undefined
Place: 
Santiago, Chile
Event type: 
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Addressing Energy Efficiency Products in the Environmental Goods Agreement: Issues, Challenges and the Way ForwardIdentifying Products with Climate and Development Benefits for an Environmental Goods AgreementInternational Trade and Access to Sustainable Energy: Issues and Lessons from Country ExperiencesClimate Change and Sustainable Energy Measures in Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs): An OverviewHonduras busca convertirse en líder en energía solar en la región Uruguay continúa apuesta por revolución energética El Acuerdo sobre Bienes Ambientales y sus beneficios climáticosNegociadores del Acuerdo sobre Bienes Ambientales revisan lista de productosEnvironmental Goods Agreement talks review product list
Region: 
Americas
Main Tag: 
Event
Language: 
English
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Date: 17 June 2015

Time: 8:30 - 17:30. 

The event will be followed by a cocktail reception from 17:30 to 19:00....

Date period: 
Wednesday, 17 June 2015 - 8:52pm

This informal policy dialogue sought to facilitate an exchange of views between different relevant actors on the relationship between agricultural trade policy and the achievement of sustainable development goals, taking into consideration the framework of rules and shared objectives that governments have agreed at the international level. As such, it sought to contribute to a broader process that ICTSD has initiated, focusing especially on the role of farm trade policy in countries that play a structural role within the global agricultural trading system, and which to date has included analysis and dialogue with policy-makers and different national constituencies in the US, EU, China, India, Russia and Brazil. Participants at the meeting exchanged analysis and opinions on how different policy options could affect food security, poverty reduction and environmental sustainability, taking into consideration current and projected trends in global markets, new developments in the regulatory frameworks governing markets for food and agriculture, and the anticipated impact of climate change.

For any questions about this dialogue, please do not hesitate to contact Paolo Ghisu at pghisu@ictsd.ch.

Undefined
Place: 
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Event type: 
Our events
Theme: 
AGRICULTURE
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Americas
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Language: 
Spanish
Date period: 
Tuesday, 18 November 2014 - 11:40am