Import Ref: 
46
Import Imported: 
1

As the green revolution continues to gain momentum, this conference provides a platform in the context of Climate Change Mitigation Technologies (CCMT) and their relationship with innovation. Panel speakers and presenters selected from government, business, research and innovation agencies will guide the participants through a wide variety of the aspects of developing and implementing green technology.

Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz, Chief Executive of ICTSD, is a panellist in the session “Ongoing international co-operation: how international organisations join efforts and work together with businesses to encourage climate change mitigation and adaptation”.

Undefined
Place: 
Oslo, Norway
Event type: 
We participate
Promote to homepage: 
No
Main Tag: 
Event
programme: 
programme 1
Language: 
English
Date period: 
Tuesday, 20 November 2018 - 9:00am to 6:00pm

A meaningful WTO agreement on fisheries subsidies could make a critical contribution to the realisation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and help move global fisheries in a more sustainable direction. After several negotiation sessions in the first half of 2018, WTO negotiations on fisheries subsidies have entered a new phase in September 2018, with delegations engaging in a more informal idea-generating mode in “incubator groups” between formal sessions.

Ahead of the third meeting of these incubator groups, this seminar aims to provide negotiators with creative ideas they could advance in this new phase of negotiations, with a view to helping move the negotiating process forward. It will give them the opportunity to reflect on key issues in the negotiations with the benefit of input from experts and discuss potential approaches and options in an informal and neutral space. The third of a series of seminars, this event will focus on some of the fundamental questions that will need to be answered by WTO members in crafting disciplines on illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing.

This dialogue is part of the ICTSD initiative "WTO: Paths Forward". Building on the outcomes of MC11 in Buenos Aires, this initiative will provide a platform to exchange perspectives and in-depth analysis on possible options for WTO-based processes going forward and into the 12th Ministerial Conference.

Participation in this event is by invitation only.

Undefined
Place: 
Geneva
Event type: 
Our events
Theme: 
ENVIRONMENT
Image: 
Promote to homepage: 
No
Updates: 
Fisheries Subsidies Rules at the WTO: A Compilation of Evidence and AnalysisIssues and Options for Disciplines on Subsidies to Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing
Region: 
Global
Main Tag: 
Fisheries
Language: 
English
Date period: 
Thursday, 22 November 2018 - 2:30pm to 5:30pm

This seminar provided an opportunity for WTO negotiators to reflect on inputs from experts and engage in informal dialogue around some of the fundamental legal questions that will need to be answered by WTO members in shaping an agreement on fisheries subsidies and crafting disciplines on overfished stocks.

In particular, presentations examined the structure and functioning of the WTO’s Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (ASCM) and considered options and issues with regard to the legal form of a possible WTO agreement on fisheries subsidies, including regarding its relationship with the ASCM. A key question in the discussions was how the agreement would be interpreted and applied in practice, in particular in terms of the potential remedies that could be used by successful complainants to induce compliance from other members. The need for additional dialogue on these questions was also underlined.

The event also addressed specific questions related to the possible prohibition of subsidies to the fishing of stocks that are in an overfished condition. Presentations shed light on the implications of various options in the current negotiating text for assessing whether a stock is overfished, including regarding who should be able to make such assessments and on the basis of what type of scientific evidence. They also examined relevant precedents in WTO law and jurisprudence regarding deference to national or regional decisions/determinations outside of the WTO, highlighting how such examples could inform WTO negotiations on fisheries subsidies.

Main takeaways

  • Data collected by other international organisations, and in particular the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, could be particularly useful for the notification and monitoring process of a possible WTO agreement on fisheries subsidies.
  • Key considerations that WTO members need to take into account when addressing transparency and notification requirements in WTO rules include the scope of notifications, their timing, potential sanctions or incentives, as well as technical assistance and capacity-building.

The event built on previous ICTSD dialogues and research on these topics, in particular ICTSD’s recent publication Fisheries Subsidies Rules at the WTO: A Compilation of Evidence and Analysis and the policy brief Building Comprehensive and Effective WTO Rules on Fisheries Subsidies.

The meeting is part of the first set of dialogues of the ICTSD initiative WTO: Paths Forward. Building on the outcomes of the 11th Ministerial Conference in Buenos Aires, this initiative will provide a platform to exchange perspectives and in-depth analysis on possible options for WTO-based processes going forward and into the 12th Ministerial Conference.

Undefined
Place: 
Geneva
Event type: 
Our events
Theme: 
ENVIRONMENT
Image: 
Promote to homepage: 
No
Updates: 
Fisheries Subsidies Rules at the WTO: A Compilation of Evidence and AnalysisOptions for the Legal Form of a WTO Agreement on Fisheries SubsidiesAdvancing Multilateral Trade Negotiations on Fisheries Subsidies
Region: 
Global
Main Tag: 
Fisheries
Language: 
English
Date period: 
Thursday, 25 October 2018 - 2:30pm to 5:30pm

This seminar provided an opportunity for WTO negotiators to reflect on inputs from experts and engage in informal dialogue around questions related to transparency and notification requirements in possible new WTO rules on fisheries subsidies.

The dialogue explored how WTO disciplines on fisheries subsidies could help improve the transparency of fisheries subsidies, an area where government support has historically been very opaque, in particular through notification by WTO member states.

Presentations examined how data already collected by international organisations, and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in particular, could be relevant with regard to the proposed notification requirements included in the current negotiating text at the WTO. Specifically, the FAO already collects and makes available data on indicators such as the status of fish stocks, fleet capacity, catch, and imports and exports of fisheries products – although there are some limitations to this data that were underlined during the seminar. Discussions highlighted the potential usefulness of this data in the notification and monitoring process of a future WTO agreement on fisheries subsidies. They also identified the need to minimise duplication of data collection and reporting efforts between what is required at the WTO and elsewhere.

The seminar further addressed specific legal questions related to transparency and notification requirements in possible WTO rules on fisheries subsidies. In particular, presentations shed light on the potential challenges that notifying fisheries subsidies could pose, as well as a number of key considerations WTO members will need to take into account as they craft new WTO disciplines in this area. This includes the scope of notifications, their frequency, potential sanctions or incentives, as well as the kind of technical assistance and capacity-building that may be needed.

Main takeaways

  • Data collected by other international organizations, and in particular the FAO, could be particularly useful for the notification and monitoring process of a possible WTO agreement on fisheries subsidies.
  • Key considerations that WTO members need to take into account when addressing transparency and notification requirements in WTO rules include the scope of notifications, their timing, potential sanctions or incentives, as well as technical assistance and capacity-building.

The event built on previous ICTSD dialogues and research on these topics, in particular ICTSD’s recent publication Fisheries Subsidies Rules at the WTO: A Compilation of Evidence and Analysis and the policy brief Building Comprehensive and Effective WTO Rules on Fisheries Subsidies.

The meeting is part of the first set of dialogues of the ICTSD initiative WTO: Paths Forward. Building on the outcomes of the 11th Ministerial Conference in Buenos Aires, this initiative will provide a platform to exchange perspectives and in-depth analysis on possible options for WTO-based processes going forward and into the 12th Ministerial Conference.

Undefined
Place: 
Geneva, Switzerland
Event type: 
Our events
Theme: 
ENVIRONMENT
Image: 
Promote to homepage: 
No
Updates: 
Fisheries Subsidies Rules at the WTO: A Compilation of Evidence and AnalysisThe nexus between illegal fishing and fisheries subsidies
Region: 
Global
Main Tag: 
Fisheries
programme: 
programme 1
Language: 
English
Date period: 
Monday, 24 September 2018 - 1:30pm

This seminar provided an opportunity for WTO negotiators to reflect on inputs from experts and engage in informal dialogue around the question of how to address harmful and non-harmful subsidies in possible WTO disciplines on fisheries subsidies.

The first session discussed concrete and practical evidence regarding the effects of subsidies provided to the fishing sector based on three specific cases: the southern long-line tuna fishery in the Western Central Pacific, shrimp fisheries off the Pacific Coast of Central America, and sardinella fishing off the coast of West Africa. Experts considered various real-life examples of how subsidies can increase levels of fishing activity and lead to unsustainable fishing, also underlining the types of subsidies that can broadly be considered as non-harmful. Discussions shed light on some of the key questions and considerations that possible WTO rules on fisheries subsidies would need to address. 

Building on the evidence presented and discussed in the first session, the second session explored ways in which WTO members could address harmful and non-harmful subsidies in possible WTO rules. Discussions considered potential approaches and legal tools that members could use to craft new disciplines which prohibit the most harmful subsidies while making sure that subsidies that are considered to be beneficial are still allowed.

Main takeaways

  • The effects of subsidies are both multiple and context-dependent. This may call for a careful approach when subsides have harmful long-term effects but play important socio-economic roles in the short-term.
  • The absence of an immediate alarm signal indicating that overfishing is occurring does not mean that subsidies do not have negative effects. In such cases, subsidies can still contribute to overcapacity, which is often a precursor for overfishing.
  • Various approaches – list-based, effects-based, or hybrid – and legal tools – rebuttable presumptions, for example – can be used to discipline fisheries subsidies at the WTO. All have their advantages and limitations that need to be prudently weighed.

The event built on previous ICTSD dialogues and research on these topics, in particular ICTSD’s recent publication Fisheries Subsidies Rules at the WTO: A Compilation of Evidence and Analysis and the policy brief Building Comprehensive and Effective WTO Rules on Fisheries Subsidies.

The meeting is part of the first set of dialogues of the ICTSD initiative WTO: Paths Forward. Building on the outcomes of the 11th Ministerial Conference in Buenos Aires, this initiative will provide a platform to exchange perspectives and in-depth analysis on possible options for WTO-based processes going forward and into the 12th Ministerial Conference.

The context setting was done by Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz, Chief Executive of ICTSD.

Undefined
Place: 
Geneva, Switzerland
Event type: 
Our events
Theme: 
ENVIRONMENT
Image: 
Promote to homepage: 
No
Updates: 
Fisheries Subsidies Rules at the WTO: A Compilation of Evidence and AnalysisAdvancing Multilateral Trade Negotiations on Fisheries Subsidies
Region: 
Global
Main Tag: 
Fisheries
Language: 
English
Date period: 
Wednesday, 12 September 2018 - 2:30pm to 5:30pm