Evaluating Aid for Trade on the Ground: Lessons from Cambodia

Date period
13 December 2011

SummaryThis paper is part of a research project that ICTSD has undertaken to assess the effectiveness and impact of aid for trade (AfT) at the country level. In doing so, ICTSD seeks to complement existing monitoring mechanisms led by the WTO and the OECD by providing a comprehensive and integrated picture of the unique experiences of individual countries in their effort to enhance their capacity to trade through AfT.
The paper assesses the effectiveness of the AfT initiative in Cambodia. It shows that the AfT initiative have been so far effective in terms of expanding Cambodia’s trade capacities and in supporting the country’s economic reforms. The analysis also shows that there are many challenges that Cambodia needs to tackle to further enhance the effectiveness of the AfT initiative and sustain its efforts to reduce poverty. For instance, poor human and institutional capacity risks to make progresses achieved so far not sustainable. The paper finally provides some concrete recommendations intended to assist Cambodia in implementing AfT programmes more effectively and the donor community at both the local and international levels to better respond to the country’s development needs.