Negotiations on Fisheries Subsidies: Addressing IUU Fishing in WTO Rules

WTO: Paths Forward
Organised by
22 November 2018

A meaningful WTO agreement on fisheries subsidies could make a critical contribution to the realisation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and help move global fisheries in a more sustainable direction. After several negotiation sessions in the first half of 2018, WTO negotiations on fisheries subsidies have entered a new phase in September 2018, with delegations engaging in a more informal idea-generating mode in “incubator groups” between formal sessions.

Ahead of the third meeting of these incubator groups, this seminar aims to provide negotiators with creative ideas they could advance in this new phase of negotiations, with a view to helping move the negotiating process forward. It will give them the opportunity to reflect on key issues in the negotiations with the benefit of input from experts and discuss potential approaches and options in an informal and neutral space. The third of a series of seminars, this event will focus on some of the fundamental questions that will need to be answered by WTO members in crafting disciplines on illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing.

This dialogue is part of the ICTSD initiative "WTO: Paths Forward". Building on the outcomes of MC11 in Buenos Aires, this initiative will provide a platform to exchange perspectives and in-depth analysis on possible options for WTO-based processes going forward and into the 12th Ministerial Conference.

Participation in this event is by invitation only.

14:30 - 14:45

Christophe BELLMANN, Senior Resident Research Associate, ICTSD


Matthew CAMILLERI, Head, Fishing Operations and Technology Branch, FAO



Yi TANG, Dean, College of Marine Culture and Law, Shanghai Ocean University



Anna ZITO, Deputy Head of Unit, Common Fisheries Policy and Structural Support, Policy Development and Coordination, DG MARE, European Commission



Tristan IRSCHLINGER, Programme Officer, ICTSD


Open discussion

16:00 - 16:10


Brendan MCGIVERN, Partner, White & Case LLP



Christophe BELLMANN, Senior Resident Research Associate, ICTSD


Open discussion

Dr. Matthew Camilleri, graduated in fisheries science and ocean science from the University of Plymouth (UK) where he went on to obtain a Ph.D. in fisheries management. He is a chartered biologist and a member of the Royal Society of Biology (UK).

Dr Camilleri served as a consultant to the Maltese government on fisheries management and as head of the Malta Centre for Fisheries Sciences between 1998 and 2007. He joined the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in 2007 and currently holds the post of Fishery Liaison Officer. His responsibilities include the promotion and monitoring of the implementation of the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and other international fisheries instruments, especially those aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. He leads FAO’s capacity-development programme on the implementation of the 2009 FAO Agreement on Port State Measures.


Prof. Tang Yi is the dean of the College of Marine Culture and Law, Shanghai Ocean University, and a leading advisor to China’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) on fishery issues. He had conducted field research and fishing operation on the sea with distant-water fisheries for 4 years, and was one of the drafters of Program of Action on the Conservation of Living Aquatic Resources of China, which was promulgated by the State Council of China in 2006, when he served a temporary position in the Bureau of Fisheries of MARA.

Since 2010, Tang Yi has undertaken more than 20 research projects for MARA, covering a range of important topics, e.g. fishing capacity control, fishing permit system, Total Allowable Catch system (TACs) and small-scale fisheries management. He participated in the drafting of MARA policy document on controlling domestic fishing vessels and implementation the concept of “total marine fishery resources”, which was issued in January 2017 and regarded as a major step to instigate fundamental changes in fisheries development in China.

Prof. Tang Yi is a key advocate of amending China’s Fisheries Law and the Regulations on Fishing Licensing in order to strengthen the laws’ effectiveness in sustainable fisheries. In addition to helping advance national policies, he also helps promote local policy development. He has drafted China’s first local regulation on national Marine Protected Areas (MPA) in Zhoushan, a coastal city in Zhejiang Province.


Anna Zito joined DG Maritime Affairs and Fisheries in 2011. Until December 2016 she was in the Common Fisheries Policy coordination unit before moving to the Blue Economy sectors, Aquaculture and MSP unit. In particular, she has been responsible for the setting up and implementation of the Open Method of Coordination for the sustainable development of EU aquaculture. Since January 2018, she is Deputy Head of the CFP and Structural support policy development and coordination Unit, where she is responsible in particular for the preparation of the EMFF post 2020. Her career within the European Commission included assignments in the areas of Employment and Social Affairs, Human Resources and Fundamental Rights and Rights of the Child policies. Before joining the European Commission she was project manager in the Italian National Agency for Youth Enterprise creation. Anna holds a Degree in Political Sciences from the University of Florence, Italy.

Tristan Irschlinger is a Programme Officer for ICTSD's Environment and Natural Resources programme, having previously been the Managing Editor, Bridges Africa and Passerelles. Prior to ICTSD, he worked for the United Nations Centre on Trade Facilitation and e-Business (UN/CEFACT) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). He completed a traineeship at the Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the WTO and EFTA (UNCTAD, UNECE, ITC), where he took part in the Environmental Goods Agreement (EGA) negotiations and closely followed the NAMA discussions and the dispute settlement mechanism. He also co-founded and co-leads Jet d'Encre (, an independent web platform publishing analytical pieces on a wide range of issues. Tristan holds a Master’s degree in International Relations from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, and a bachelor’s degree in International Relations from University of Geneva (valedictorian). He is a citizen of Switzerland and speaks French, English, and intermediate German.

Brendan McGivern practices international trade law, particularly the law of the WTO. He also has an active practice in public international law, including the negotiation and implementation of environmental treaties. McGivern advises companies, industry associations and sovereign governments on the full range of WTO rules. He represents WTO Member states in dispute settlement proceedings before panels and the Appellate Body. He counsels sovereign governments on the negotiation of bilateral and regional free trade agreements. He has extensive experience in international energy trade law issues.

McGivern served as a member of the WTO arbitration panel in the US – 1916 Anti-Dumping Act case, which adjudicated a request by the European Communities for retaliatory trade sanctions against the United States. In February 2018, McGivern was appointed to the Roster of Panelists under Chapter 19 (anti-dumping and countervailing duty matters) of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

Prior to joining White & Case, McGivern was the senior legal adviser and the head of the Dispute Settlement section at the Canadian Mission to the WTO in Geneva. He frequently presented arguments to WTO dispute settlement panels and the Appellate Body.

Christophe BELLMANN is a Senior Resident Research Associate at ICTSD with more than 20 years of experience working on international trade negotiations and policy making from a sustainable development perspective. Mr. Bellmann joined ICTSD in 1998, first as Programme Officer for Outreach and Partnership, then as Director of Policy Dialogues and since 2002, as Programmes Director. Before joining our Organisation, Mr. Bellmann worked for the Swiss Coalition of Development Organisations (SCDO) where he was responsible for activities on multilateral trade and sustainable development issues. Mr. Bellmann has also worked as a Research Associate at the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) in Santiago, Chile, on the relationship between trade and the environment.

Mr. Bellmann has edited and published a wide range of books, articles and opinion pieces in English, French and Spanish on trade and sustainable development. His work focuses on international trade negotiations, development policies and environmental governance in areas such as agriculture and food security, fisheries, tariffs and non-tariff barriers, rules, regional trade, services and intellectual property rights, He holds an MA in International Relations from the Graduate Institute for International Studies in Geneva. Mr. Bellmann is a citizen of Switzerland.