Negotiations on Fisheries Subsidies: Understanding Subsidies and IUU Fishing

WTO: Paths Forward
Organised by
23 July 2018
Geneva, Switzerland

This knowledge-sharing seminar will provide an opportunity for negotiators to participate in informal dialogue around the identification and disciplining of subsidies to illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing.

Experts will explore state-of-the-art technological developments that can assist in monitoring fishing activity and identifying potential IUU fishing. They will also discuss the implications of the options on the table in the WTO negotiations to discipline subsidies to IUU fishing.

The event will build on previous ICTSD dialogues and research on these topics, in particular ICTSD’s recent publication: "Fisheries Subsidies Rules at the WTO: A Compilation of Evidence and Analysis". 

This dialogue is part of the ICTSD initiative "WTO: Paths Forward". Building on the outcomes of MC11 in Buenos Aires, this initiative will provide a platform to exchange perspectives and in-depth analysis on possible options for WTO-based processes going forward and into the 12th Ministerial Conference.

Christophe BELLMANN is a Senior Resident Research Associate at ICTSD with more than 20 years of experience working on international trade negotiations and policy making from a sustainable development perspective. Mr. Bellmann joined ICTSD in 1998, first as Programme Officer for Outreach and Partnership, then as Director of Policy Dialogues and since 2002, as Programmes Director. Before joining our Organisation, Mr. Bellmann worked for the Swiss Coalition of Development Organisations (SCDO) where he was responsible for activities on multilateral trade and sustainable development issues. Mr. Bellmann has also worked as a Research Associate at the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) in Santiago, Chile, on the relationship between trade and the environment.

Mr. Bellmann has edited and published a wide range of books, articles and opinion pieces in English, French and Spanish on trade and sustainable development. His work focuses on international trade negotiations, development policies and environmental governance in areas such as agriculture and food security, fisheries, tariffs and non-tariff barriers, rules, regional trade, services and intellectual property rights, He holds an MA in International Relations from the Graduate Institute for International Studies in Geneva. Mr. Bellmann is a citizen of Switzerland.



Alice Tipping is a Programme Manager and leads the ICTSD’s Environment and Natural Resources programme.

Prior to joining the ICTSD, she worked as a diplomat and legal adviser in the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. She has served in New Zealand’s Mission to the World Trade Organisation in Geneva, where she covered negotiations on trade remedies, including fisheries subsidies, trade and the environment and the WTO’s dispute settlement system.

She has also served in New Zealand’s Mission to the United Nations in Geneva, covering several UN specialised agencies and environmental issues.

Ms Tipping has also worked as a research and strategy analyst in foreign direct investment promotion.

She holds an MPhil in International Relations from Cambridge University. She also holds a Bachelor of Laws degree and a Bachelor of Commerce degree, with a major in Economics, from Victoria University of Wellington. Alice is citizen of the United Kingdom and New Zealand.

Paul Woods is the Chief Technology Officer at Global Fishing Watch and architect of the technology platform. He served as interim CEO as the organization was set up as independent in 2017. Paul is a software engineer and veteran of several software startup companies working in finance, informatics and big data. Prior to Global Fishing Watch, Paul served as Chief Technology Officer at SkyTruth, where he built a dedicated team of inspired technologists committed to using remote sensing, big data, and cloud computing to promote better environmental conservation around the world. He continues to serve as a technical advisor on the SkyTruth board.

Bradley Soule is OceanMind’s Chief Fisheries Analyst. He has spent most of his life either on the sea or thinking about the sea.

Bradley joined the U.S. Coast Guard as a teenager and served in a number of assignments across the United states conducting law enforcement and search and rescue in the Bering Sea, home to some of the largest commercial fisheries in the world as well as serving as the Commanding Officer of a patrol boat conducting fisheries enforcement, search and rescue, and homeland security patrols and coordinating fisheries enforcement for the Coast Guard’s California District, which included international fishery enforcement efforts in the Eastern Pacific. He also served as the Deputy Chief of Fishery Enforcement and senior fishery watch officer at Coast Guard headquarters, coordinating interagency and international action on some of the most high profile cases around the world with Coast Guard involvement.

He has a bachelor’s degree from the U.S. Coast Guard Academy and a Master’s degree in Marine Affairs with a focus on fishery management from the University of Washington in Seattle.

Bradley left the Coast Guard in 2013 to become a Criminal Intelligence Officer at INTERPOL’s General Secretariat in Lyon, France where he led the organization’s nascent fisheries project, helping to coordinate operations, capacity building, and intelligence sharing and analysis on fisheries crime among INTERPOL’s 190 member countries.

In 2015, Bradley joined Project Eyes on the Seas, the project that would become OceanMind, as the first fisheries analyst that would build the team OceanMind is today. He leads all of OceanMind’s operational activities and analysis and has built experience in risk analysis and identification in every ocean basin across dozens of fisheries and exclusive economic zones.


Dr Isabelle Van Damme is Counsel at Van Bael & Bellis and a Member of the Brussels Bar. Her practice focuses on WTO law, EU law, and public international law. She is also a visiting lecturer at the KU Leuven, where she teaches EU external relations law, and at the World Trade Institute, where she taught this year a course on ‘Treaty Interpretation’. Before joining Van Bael & Bellis, Isabelle worked as a référendaire in the chambers of Advocate General Sharpston, at the Court of Justice of the European Union (Luxembourg). Isabelle has also worked at Sidley Austin LLP (Geneva), where she practiced WTO law, and was a lecturer and the Turpin Lipstein Fellow at the University of Cambridge, Clare College. She holds degrees from the University of Ghent (Bachelor of Law, Master of Laws), Georgetown University Law Center (LL.M.) and the University of Cambridge (Ph.D. in Law). Isabelle has published widely on WTO law, EU law and public international law. Her main publications include a monograph on Treaty Interpretation by the WTO Appellate Body (Oxford University Press) and an edited collection entitled The Oxford Handbook of International Trade Law (Oxford University Press).

Room D, WTO, Rue de Lausanne 154, 1202 Genève