Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing 25 Years on: Progress and Challenges

Research
Date period
10 October 2018

The technologies that have arisen in research and development of genetic resources highlight the limitations of existing frameworks on access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their utilisation (ABS), particularly with regard to fairness and equity in the sharing of monetary benefits. The principles of sovereignty, prior informed consent, and mutually agreed terms, as enshrined in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), are being challenged as to their appropriateness in responding to an increasingly disruptive technological paradigm. This paper argues that a new global regime for ABS may be required to support realisation of the fair and equitable sharing of benefits.